This 'Astonishing water' photos section offers some mystery and/or astonishing water photos that illustrate the diversity of innovative water uses and devices globally. Enjoy our astonishing water world!

 

Astonishing photo 1

Niagara Falls (USA/Canada)

"Until the development of the New York State Reservation Park in 1885, nearly all the shoreline property along the Niagara Gorge and every viewing area of the Falls was privately owned. Following the creation of the Reservation Park, the State of New York continued to entice industrialization with an offer of cheap water power"

See more details at

http://www.niagarafrontier.com/milldistrict.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niagara_Falls_Hydraulic_Power_and_Manufacturing_Company

AP1

Photo credit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_well_

 

Astonishing photo 2

Raised beds, Suphan Buri, Thailand

Raised beds are very popular in Southeast-Asia for vegetable and fruit tree crops in hydromorphic soils, most especially in deltas  (see a Mexicain equivalent: chinampas).

Irrigation of crops occurs directly through maintaining the water levels in the ditch but also through sprinklers : where can water be sourced from ? from the ditches of course, through a small floating pump that follows the farmer as he proceeds along the bed…

See the original photo at https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/48357951542/in/dateposted/

AP2

Photo credit: François Molle/IRD

 

Astonishing photo 3

'Aerial well', Trans en Provence, France

An aerial well is a structure or device that collects the condensation of moisture from air. This idea is actually quite old, as can be seen from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_well_(condenser).  This impressive mega-structure has been designed by Belgium engineer Achille Knapen in 1930. It never worked… but is still there to be seen.

See, in French, ‘Des fontaines sans source’ by A.Gioda

http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/pleins_textes_5/b_fdi_31-32/34749.pdf

http://www.transenprovence.info/archives/2015/02/16/31533708.html

AP3

Photo Credit Wikipedia : https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fichier:Puits_aerien_Knappen.jpg

 

Astonishing photo 4

Lobuche, Kumbu Valley, Nepal (5000 m in altitude)

A washing machine on top of the world ! Water is sourced directly from the torrent and electricity is generated by a gas engine.

Original : www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/48914265436/in/dateposted/

AP4

Photo credit : Patrice Garin

 

Astonishing photo 5

Damnoen Saduak area, west of Bangkok

Raised beds can be planted with coconut trees, especially in areas under tidal influence where the average salinity is higher. But harvested nuts have to be hauled out of the beds, which are often connected to the plot's surrounding dyke by a simple plank or bamboo.... Water provides a solution: nuts are cut, thrown into the ditch, assembled in garlands, and finally tugged to the exit of the plot with a minimal effort.

Original à https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/48951433961/in/dateposted/

AP5

Credit photo: Surachit Chirawet

 

Astonishing photo 6

Free lunch

Les poissons qui passent par les dissipateurs d’énergie des déversoirs des barrages le font à leurs risques et périls…

American White Pelicans gather at the base of Pyramid Lake’s Marble Bluff Dam, USA

https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/31415805198/in/dateposted/

AP6

Credit: USBR (US Bureau of Reclamation)

 

Astonishing photo 7

Boat lift at Saint-Louis-Arzviller, northeastern France

Le plan incliné de Saint-Louis-Arzviller is a boat lift which is part of the canal linking the Marne and the Rhine rivers and allos the crossing of the Vosges Mountain range, in northeastern France.

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plan_inclin%C3%A9_de_Saint-Louis-Arzviller

The lift celebrated its 50th anniversary this year (2019)

AP7

Credit : Patrick Giraud 

 

Astonishing photo 8

Created wetlands, California

These are created wetlands, mostly from previously planted agricultural fields.  Most of these are created by the California Department of Fish & Wildlife in collaboration with the Audubon Society, CA Waterfowl Association and Ducks Unlimited to accommodate and encourage winter waterfowl migrants to stop and stay for the season.

Photo with full resolution : https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/45450597871/

See other incredible ‘constructed wetlands’ in California and other exceptional pics by Bruce Barnett

AP8

Credit : Bruce Barnett

 

Astonishing photo 9

Natural cooling ‘system’ near Tengchong, Volcanic park, in Yunnan, China

Keeping fruits and bottles cool thanks to the river

Full resolution version at https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/40773128405

Credit : Karen Conniff

AP9

 

Astonishing photo 10

Tea pot at Hammam Meskoutine, Algeria

Last week's astonishing photo showed how to make use of the cooling power of rivers.

Why not do the opposite and prepare… tea, temperature allowing of course!

See full resolution pic at https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49038145303/in/photostream/

AP10

Credit : Eliott MM

 

Astonishing photo 11

Ladybower reservoir plug hole (spillway), UK

Full resolution original: https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/46970323874/

AP11Credit: Tim Hill

 

Astonishing photo 12

Mobypompe, Burkina Faso

This device allows a motorcycle engine to be used to pump water and, for example, irrigate small areas

Other photos : https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/48610862283/

AP12

Credit : Bruno Barbier/Cirad

 

Astonishing photo 13

‘Water saving winegrowing’

When saving water is becoming a commercial argument for winegrowers in Chile !

Full resolution original: https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/48693918106/

 AP13

Credit : Sophie Bradford 

 

Astonishing photo 14

Temple pavillon (chozuya), Kyoto, Japon

Shinto water ablution pavilion for a ceremonial purification rite known as temizu, that can be found at the entrance of temples.

Other chozuya

https://www.flickr.com/search/?user_id=143925215%40N04&sort=date-taken-desc&license=2&advanced=1&text=chozuya&view_all=1

Original : https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/44536717955

AP14

Credit : François Molle

 

Astonishing photo 15

Dividing groundwater between users, Yemen

Each right holder has a distinct pipe.

Original photo at : https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/38345251985/

AP15 

Credit : Frank van Steenbergen

 

Astonishing photo 16

Irrigated terraces along steep wadi, Yemen

Original at https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/36497595280/

AP16

Credit: Jochen Regner

 

Astonishing photo 17

Collecting lotus flowers in a flooded field, Central Thailand

Original at https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/24076625297/

AP17

Credit: François Molle

 

Astonishing photo 18

Makeshift swimming pool, Palestine

In the vicinity of BirZeit, a Palestinian father built a swimming pool with plastic sheets in his vegetable garden for the children of the village.

Original at https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/28442840289/

AP18

Credit: Heiner Schmitz

 
Astonishing photo 19

Sharing water equitably

Village Water Supply System - Kis - Near Sheki – Azerbaijan

AP19

Credit: Adam Jones @ Flickr/ see Adam's great albums at www.flickr.com/photos/adam_jones/albums

 

Astonishing photo 20

Enjoying curative mineral waters, Madagascar

AP20

Credit: Rod Waddington; see Rod's amazing collection at www.flickr.com/photos/rod_waddington

 

Astonishing photo 21

Terraced paddy-fields, Yunan, China

Whether from China, Vietnam or Philippines, terraced paddy-fields are inevitably irresistible

See our dazzling collection of terraced fields

See original HD at https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/43993334710/

AP21

Credit: Isabelle Chauvel

 

Astonishing photo 22

Moving wood on Lake Tana, Ethiopia

No boat needed here. The wood is clustered and floated across the lake.

See original resolution at https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/36450196553/

AP22

Credit: François Molle

 

Astonishing photo 23

Bride on boat, Vietnam

The bride is taken to the groom’s house for the wedding ceremony

Presumably he leaves on the other side of the lake

See original resolution at https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/30743147047/

AP23

Credit: Quang Nguyen Vinh (on pixabay)

 

Astonishing photo 24

Alluvial fan and spate irrigation in Iran

The art of diverting and sharing water

AP24

Source: NASA image created by Jesse Allen, using data from NASA/GSFC/METI/ERSDAC/JAROS, and the U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team. Caption by Rebecca Lindsey, based on interpretation provided on the ASTER Project Science Imagery Gallery Website. http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=36041

 

Astonishing photo 25

Lovely oasis
Huacachina oasis, Ica, Peru

See original resolution at https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/45760376022/

AP25

Credit : Willian Justen de Vasconcellos; unsplash

 

Astonishing photo 26

Taum Sauk reservoir failure, USA

An elevated view of the path of the failure and the drained reservoir.
This conspicuous elevated reservoir has been constructed on top of Proffit Mountain to store water pumped out of peak time and to generate electricity during peak times.

See Hydropower Reform Coalition - www.hydroreform.org see en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taum_Sauk_Hydroelectric_Power_Station

And original resolution at https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/44845821054/

 AP26

Credit: Missouri Attorney General's Office.

 

Astonishing photo 27

Waste from drip irrigation lines, Diama, Senegal

Drip irrigation generates considerable plastic waste, as drip lines have to be replaced between one and five years, according to their quality and local conditions.

Original resolution photo at https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/38612487830/

AP27

Credit: Jean-Yves Jamin, Cirad 

 

Astonishing photo 28

People releasing fish to acquire merit, Bangkok

Fish released in water by Buddhist people willing to acquire merit (tham bun), Wat Yaowarat, Bangkok, Thailand.

The slide is used to release fish without harming them.

See original resolution at https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/42557203711/

AP28

Credit: François Molle 

 

Astonishing photo 29

Energy dissipating structure after a weir, Japan

Katsu-uri weir on the Kinu River, north of Tokyo

See full resolution original photo at https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/44536694935/

AP29

Credit: François Molle, IRD (and thanks to Dr Satoh)

 
Astonishing photo 30

Nilometer, Cairo

Several nilometers allowed the measure of the flood intensity in the Nile valley. The river communicates with the shaft where the water level can be conveniently read.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nilometer

See the photo with original resolution https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/38588325590/

AP30

Credit: François Molle, IRD

Astonishing photo 31

Seat to cool-down along Karkorum Highway, Pakistan

See the photo with original resolution https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49013401483/

AP31

Credit: Karen Conniff

 

Astonishing photo 32

Collective water lifting, Chao Phraya Delta, Thailand

Axial pumps powered by 2-wheel tractors are ubiquitous in Thailand.

Here in Lop Buri province farmers congregate in the dry season to suck up water from a main drain.

See the photo with original resolution https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/48611339917/

AP32

Credit: Credit: Khun Somboon, Ban Nong Mon

 

Astonishing photo 33

Water mirrors, Tannourine, northern Lebanon

No large-scale dams in northern Lebanon

Locals develop small-scale reservoirs to allow supllmentary irrigation

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/48635835231/

AP33

Credit: Caroline Coulon

 

Astonishing photo 34

Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, UK

The aqueduct carries the Llangollen Canal across the valley of the River Dee

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/45502702884/

AP34

Credit: Martin Clark https://commons.wikimedia.org/  


Astonishing photo 35

Zorbing

Playing in water

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49616940023/  

AP35

Credit: Pxfuel, Public Domain Dedication

 

Astonishing photo 36

Single-leg-rower, Lake Inle, Myanmar

Lake Inle is famous for its fishermen and their unique boating/fishing techniques

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/40792867873

See also https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49617718047

AP36

Credit: pixabay.com/fr/users/loggawiggler

 

Astonishing photo 37

Basin irrigation on steep slopes, Algeria

Basin irrigation of olive trees is common on the plains of Northern Africa. But how to water olive trees by gravity on steep slopes? Water is conducted through infiltration ponds constructed at the foot of each tree.

See the photo with original resolution https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49174440492 and also https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49174440607/  

AP37

Credit: Nabil Kherbache

 

Astonishing photo 38

Salt evaporation pans, Maras, Peru

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maras,_Peru

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/47706740792/
and other photos of Maras https://www.flickr.com/search/?user_id=143925215%40N04&view_all=1&text=maras%20salt

AP38

Credit: Credit: pixabay.com/fr/users/jdbenthien-2698911/

 

Astonishing photo 39

‘Black hole’, Chao Phraya River bank, Bangkok

Flash floods are a big problem in Bangkok, which has 40% of its area under sea level. Natural drainage through canals, even equipped with pumps stations at their extremity, is insufficient. Tunnels are being built underneath the canals to help convey excess flows to an outlet where vertical pumps will extract the water flow into the Chao Phraya River. The black colour of the water indicates that drainage water is mixed with sewage water, both being conveyed by the same canals.

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/42557204051

AP39

Credit: François Molle

 

Astonishing photo 40

Indus - Zanskar river confluence, India

Clear waters encounter a silt-loaded river. There are several well known examples of such confluences, notably the Rio negro – Rio Amazonas confluence https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/31418262348

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49152667678
see also https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/40760094445

AP40

Credit: Satish Krishnamurthy; Flickr

 

Astonishing photo 41

Watering onions downstream of Bagré reservoir, Burkina Faso

Large local calabashes (gourds) are used as watering cans

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/37625723256/

AP41

Credit: Jacques Lemoalle/IRD

 

Astonishing photo 42

 

Man fishing with a spear on a makeshift raft.

Banani urban Lake, Dhaka, Bangladesh

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/27701753099/

AP42

Credit: Benjamin Noury

 

Astonishing photo 43

Irrigated flower production in a flooded field, Sa Dec, Mekong Delta, Vietnam

Crop care is done on boats.

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49660897398/

AP43

Credit: Quang Nguyen Vinh at Pexel

 

Astonishing photo 44

Spectacular dam spillway New York State, USA

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49008530271/

AP44

Credit: //www.flickr.com/photos/29311691@N05/5902919002">www.flickr.com/photos/29311691@N05/5902919002>

 

Astonishing photo 45

Basket-boats are quite common on the channels of the Mekong Delta

With a not-so-easy-to-master rowing technique!

The basket is tar-coated to make it waterproof

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/38905671462/

AP45

Credit: WorldFish/Jamie Oliver

 

Astonishing photo 46

‘Pirogues’ on the Mekong River, Laos

These boats were made out of kerosene tanks dropped by B52 air planes during the Vietnam War

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/48827410106/

AP46

Credit: Credit: Guillaume Lacombe/Cirad

 

Astonishing photo 47

Urban pool in Dubai

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/45215624615/

AP47

Credit: Pixabay/zauber2001;

 

Astonishing photo 48

Children playing in irrigation canals, Morocco

This ‘duck bill weir’ structure in the Haouz, Marrakech, is taken advantage of by children to play in water

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/27617960155/

AP48

Credit: François Molle/IRD

 

Astonishing photo 49

Oval-shaped ‘duck bill weir’

Conspicuous weir on a canal in Morocco

Also see another instance of such a weir at https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/43477235480/

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/27617960155

AP49

Credit: Thierry Ruf/IRD

 

Astonishing photo 50

Magnificent ‘stepwell’, Rajasthan

Chand Baori at Abhaneri (Dausa, Rajasthan), India

Also see https://www.flickr.com/search/?user_id=143925215%40N04&view_all=1&text=stepwell

See the photo with original resolution https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/31954010838/

AP50

Credit: Chethan/Flickr

 

Astonishing photo 51

Loktak Lake, floating fisheries in Manipur, India

"Phumdis are a series of floating islands, exclusive to the Loktak Lake in Manipur state, in northeastern India. They cover a substantial part of the lake area and are heterogeneous masses of vegetation, soil and organic matter, in different stages of decay (...)  Phumdis are used by the local people for constructing their huts for fishing and other livelihood uses, and are inhabited by about 4000 people. Athapums are artificial circular phumdis, built by the villagers as enclosures for fish farming; aquaculture has caused proliferation of the phumdis in the lake". (Wikipedia) see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phumdi

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/39843940100/

AP51

Credit: Karen Conniff

 

Astonishing photo 52

Archimedean screws evacuating drainage water, Senegal River Delta, Senegal

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/38612490740/

AP52

Credit: Credit: Jean-Yves Jamin/Cirad

 

Astonishing photo 53

Canal des Moines, Corrèze, France

Irrigation canal constructed by monks in the XIIth century and now renovated. The canal is either dug in or stuck to the cliff.

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canal_des_moines

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/45451357551/

AP53

Credit : François Molle

 

Astonishing photo 54

How to re-use dripper line waste, Algeria

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49153279242/

AP54

Credit: Nassim Ait Mouheb/INRAe

 

Astonishing photo 55

Diversion canal in Alagoas, Brazil

New diversion canal to transfer water from the Sao Francisco River

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/31260631647/

AP55

Credit/CODEVASF/Divulgação ;  www.flickr.com/photos/codevasf

Matheus Sandes / Seinfra - AL; and Alzir Lima

 

Astonishing photo 56

The Ivanhoe Reservoir filled with shade balls, USA

Black balls covering LA reservoir: https://www.sciencealert.com/here-s-what-s-really-going-on-with-those-black-balls-in-the-la-reservoir

"Yet despite their reputation for saving water, these balls were not put here just to reduce evaporation. The problem actually started with bromide, a natural substance found in salt water.

Bromide on its own is harmless to humans, but if some of this salty water creeps into the reservoir and undergoes ozone treatment with the rest of LA's drinking water, it can form the compound bromate. And bromate is a carcinogen".

"Originally called "bird balls", the solution was both odd and oddly perfect. Typically used around airports to stop birds from perching in nearby water, the black balls also turned out to be highly effective at keeping out sunlight"

https://www.governing.com/topics/transportation-infrastructure/gov-shade-balls-water-quality.html

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50534073686/

AP56

Credit: By Junkyardsparkle - Own work, CC0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=44177898

 

Astonishing photo 57

Wasabi fields, Japan

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wasabi

Wasabi is a rhizome that grows during 15 months in streambeds with the purest running water

It is very difficult to find appropriate sites and only two major ones can be found in Japan

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50534224052/

And other photos of wasabi https://www.flickr.com/search/?user_id=143925215%40N04&view_all=1&text=wasabi

AP57

Credit: By lienyuan lee, CC BY 3.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=54464514

 

Astonishing photo 58

Baobab cisterns

On the Mahafaly plateau, Madagascar, people carve baobabs to use them as cisterns to store excess water in the rainy season an use it in the dry season.

They can contain up to 9 m3 of water.

See documentary (in French) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1JVIn5urKc8&list=PLBZ3LrHoN5qxO8bThoeONKmBbUhg0rTho&index=10

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50534239431/

AP58

Credit: Pascal Danthu/Cirad 

 

Astonishing photo 59

Spillway of the Ataturk Dam, Turkey

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/37034645333/in/photostream/

AP59

Credit: François Molle/IRD 

 

Astonishing photo 60

Pollution and foam in the Yamuna River, India

See more at https://swachhindia.ndtv.com/delhi-pollution-devotees-stand-knee-deep-in-toxic-foam-in-delhis-yamuna-for-chhath-puja-39602/

AP60

Credit: https://swachhindia.ndtv.com/delhi-pollution-devotees-stand-knee-deep-in-toxic-foam-in-delhis-yamuna-for-chhath-puja-39602/

 

Astonishing photo 61

'Open bar' at fountain, Italy

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/33882494038/in/photostream/

AP61

Credit: Pixabay

 
Astonishing photo 62


Jeans and water, London

Keep on consuming, at no cost to the earth

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50533496483/

AP62

Credit: Sophie Bradford

 
Astonishing photo 63
 

Small water-wheels on village canal, Kurama, North of Kyoto, Japan

These communal diversion weir and canal are made use of to generate electricity for domestic use.

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50338585622/

AP63

Credit: François Molle

 
Astonishing photo 64


Fire water, Namdapha Park Arunachal Praddesh, India

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49013929806/

AP64

Credit: Karen Conniff

With warm tribute to our friend David Molden who just retired after 10 years at ICIMOD

 
Astonishing photo 65
 

Dabab, Sinkhole, Oman

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/47873895821/

AP65

Credit: Credit: Flickr/Hannah Jane

 
 
Astonishing photo 66
 

Falkirk Wheel, Scotland

A spectacular ‘boat-lift’ (See other photos On the web)

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/32041249738/

AP66

Credit: Flickr/Matt Malone;

 

Astonishing photo 67

Morning glory pool, hot spring, Yellowstone, USA

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50792663942/

AP67
Credit: Tyler Bridges de Pixabay 
 
Astonishing photo 68

Monkeys enjoying hot water springs in winter, Japan

See more photos on the web

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50792710692/

AP68

Credit: Andrew Tan at pixabay.com

Astonishing photo 69

Houses on stilts, Xuan Thuy National Park, Vietnam

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50459141926/

AP69

Credit: Jean-Louis Janeau/IRD indigo.ird.fr/fr

 
Astonishing photo 70

Kerala (tourist) Boat house, Alleppey backwaters, India

See more Kerala boat houses on the web

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49153306602/

AP70
Credit: tektab.com; www.flickr.com/photos/cblue98 
 
Astonishing photo 71

Draining water over  the highways, Chao Phraya Delta, Thailand

Main canals draining the Chao Phraya Delta towards the sea intersect roads.

In general bridges are built over (older) canals but in this case (a new canal over old roads) the opposite solution has been implemented.

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50750428668/

AP71

Credit: Thanawat Bremard

 

Astonishing photo 72

Lucky pond in Gingaku-ji (silver) temple, Kyoto, Japan

If you can throw a coin onto the flat stone in the middle, you'll have good luck!

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/45399803812/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ginkaku-ji

AP72

Credit: François Molle/IRD
 
Astonishing photo 73

Los Angeles aqueduct cascades, California, USA

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/30515024907/
and more at https://mavensphotoblog.com/2013/11/08/the-la-aqueduct-cascades-a-rare-opportunity-to-step-inside-the-facility/

AP73

Credit: Chris 'Maven' Austin; see Mavens Notebook (www.MavensNotebook.com) and www.flickr.com/photos/mavensnotebook/
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_Aqueduct

 
Astonishing photo 74

Duck rearing in Takeo Province, Cambodia

Pink ducks are coloured by their owners in order to recognize them.

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/43632810300/

AP74

Credit: Jean-Philippe-Venot/IRD

 
Astonishing photo 75

Cluster of khettara (qanat) in Morocco

More photos of qanats on the web

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49587269416/

AP75

Credit: Thierry Ruf/IRD from www.indigo.ird.fr

 
Astonishing photo 76

Water palace, Jaipur, India

The Jal Mahal is less well-known than the Taj Mahal but fascinating too

https://unusualplaces.org/an-indian-wonder-hidden-under-water-the-jal-mahal-palace/

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50740945191/

AP76

Credit: Rod Waddington @Flickr

 
Astonishing photo 77

Stone beaver dam

Beavers use rocks for their dams when mud and branches are less available, as seen on Bear Creek, a tributary to the Truckee River, in Alpine Meadows, California.

But they of course also use trees: https://www.flickr.com/search/?user_id=143925215%40N04&view_all=1&text=beavers

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50962532671/
 
AP77
Credit: By Schmiebel - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33654144
 
 
Astonishing photo 78

Scooping water in the Red River Delta, near Hanoi

Various scooping devices are/were used in Asia to lift water over small heights.

This device requires the coordinated movements of two highly skilled persons

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50334995672/in/photostream/
 
AP79
Marc Bournof//IRD indigo.ird.fr/fr
 
 
Astonishing photo 79

Cooling system for hot groundwater in Saharan desert, Tunisia

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51008820697/
 
AP78
 
Credit: IRD@Indigo / Deschamps, Pierre
 
 
Astonishing photo 80

The magical flood, Niger

The annual flood of Komadougou Yobé near Diffa (in 1990). Children accompany it and run ahead of it.

An old woman collects the first foam and keeps it in a plastic bag (Leduc).

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49437901428/
 
AP80 
Credit : ©IRD – Christian Leduc. www.indigo.ird.fr
 
 
Astonishing photo 81

Kurumada circular rice field, Japan

Kurumada is the word meaning round rice field. This style of farming is now almost gone but used to be considered a way of planting a field to the gods. No manure or dirty water was permitted to be used on one of these fields.

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49153136946/

AP81
 
Astonishing photo 82

Traditional great fishing party, North Cameroon

A barrier of fish traps across the river; this photo has been taken in 1969

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50335805923/

And other photos of this event
 
AP82
Credit: Christian Leveque/IRD indigo.ird.fr/fr
 
Astonishing photo 83

Water and well being: elephant massage session in water in Pinnawala, Sri Lanka

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/30973499367/

And our other photos of elephant blissfulness

AP83

Credit: Credit: Flickr/Dhammika Heenpella;

 
 
Astonishing photo 84

Thames barrier, panorama, UK

The Thames Barrier is a retractable barrier system that is designed to prevent the floodplain of most of Greater London from being flooded by exceptionally high tides and storm surges moving up from the North Sea. It has been operational since 1982. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thames_Barrier

See the photo with original resolution   https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50791797258/

And other photos of the barrier

AP84

Credit: //www.flickr.com/photos/50144889@N08/">www.flickr.com/photos/50144889@N08/>

 
Astonishing photo 85

Loy Krathong festival, Lumphini Park, Bangkok, Thailand

Loi Krathong is a Siamese festival celebrated annually throughout the Kingdom of Thailand and in nearby countries with significant southwestern Tai cultures (Laos, Shan, Mon, Tanintharyi, Kelantan, Kedah and Xishuangbanna). The name could be translated as "to float ritual vessel or lamp," and comes from the tradition of making krathong or buoyant, decorated baskets, which are then floated on a river. Many Thais use the krathong to thank the Goddess of Water, the Hindu Goddess Ganga (river in Northern India), Phra Mae Khongkha. This festival can see the traces of its origin back to India. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loi_Krathong

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49038881602/

And other Loy Krathong photos

AP85

Credit: Fickr / Philip Hayward;

 
 
Astonishing photo 86

 
Astonishing photo 87

Tuhala whitch's well, Estonia

Tuhala Witch's Well (Estonian: Tuhala nõiakaev) is a karst spring in Kose Parish, Harju County, Estonia that overflows after heavy rains.

In Estonian folklore, it is said to be caused by witches lashing each other underground. In 2012 the Tuhala Witch's Well was voted as a "Wonder of Estonia"

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuhala_Witch%27s_Well

www.nytimes.com/2008/12/09/world/europe/09witches.html

Johan Sveningsson; Save the Tuhala karst area! tuhalanoiakaevuleappi.com/en/

See the photo with original resolution  : https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51141356579/

AP87

 
Astonishing photo 88

Floating in the Dead Sea, Israel

With a salinity of 342 g/kg, or 34.2% (in 2011), it is one of the world's saltiest bodies of water – 9.6 times as salty as the ocean –

and has a density of 1.24 kg/litre, which makes swimming similar to floating

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead_Sea

See the photo with original resolution : https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50962529306/

AP88 

Credit: Itamar Grinberg/Flickr



Astonishing photo 89

Fortified well, Motilla del Azuer, Spain

The "motillas" are fortified sites from the Bronze Age dating from the period between 2200 and 1500 B.C. They are specific to the area of La Mancha, where about twenty have been located. The Motilla del Azuer is the only one that can be visited. It is in Daimiel and is a complex construction with several walls, tortuous corridors and a large courtyard where a recently discovered and excavated well is located. Possibly it was a structure of refuge and defense, not prepared to be used as housing for long periods. The photo shows the well from the central tower.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motillas

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51141459684/

AP89
Credit: www.flickr.com/photos/elgolem/29425303165
 
 
Astonishing photo 90

Hydraulic structure, near Takashima, Japan

The terminal reach of an irrigation canal (to the right) is connected through a pipe with the center of the pool.

The round shape of the pool maximizes the length of the spillway and therefore stabilizes the downstream water level in the canal.

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50338726337/

AP90

Credit: François Molle/IRD

 
 
Astonishing photo 91


Land subsidence and sinkholes around the Dead Sea, Israel

The drop in the Sea water level dewaters underground salt layers that dissolve and create land subsidence.

More than 4,000 sinkholes have formed since the 1980s within a 60-km-long and 1-km-wide strip along the western coast of the Dead Sea (DS) in Israel. (source)

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51107522391/

AP91
Credit: Wikimedia/By Mark Neyman / Government Press Office (Israel), CC BY-SA 3.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=64705588;
 
 
Astonishing photo 92

Fisheries at Lake Awassa, Ethiopia

Pelicans, marabous and other birds wait for their share of fish...

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51212383467/

And other photos of fisheries in Lake Awassa https://www.flickr.com/search/?user_id=143925215%40N04&sort=date-taken-desc&view_all=1&text=awassa

AP92

Credit: Christian Lévêque/IRD

 
Astonishing photo 93

Coracle made out of Yack skin, Tibet

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51107292114/

AP93
 
 
Astonishing photo 94

Conservation agriculture of vineyards, Lanzarote, Canary Islands

Water is harvested in funnels that direct water to the plant.

Stones protect the vine from the hot wind and also prevent erosion.

See other photos of vineyards in Lanzarote https://www.flickr.com/search/?user_id=143925215%40N04&sort=date-taken-desc&text=Lanzarote&view_all=1

 
 
Astonishing photo 95

Field of 'Ghosts' South San Joaquin Valley, California, USA

These pistachio or almonds young trees irrigated by drip lines have been protected from (presumably) the wind

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/43638218370/

AP95

Credit: Chris 'Maven' Austin; see Mavens Notebook (www.MavensNotebook.com) and www.flickr.com/photos/mavensnotebook/

 
 
Astonishing photo 96

Crews corral debris for removal from behind the Lake Oroville flood control spillway gates, California

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/44593580890/

AP96 
Credit: DWR (Department of Water Resources), California; pixel-ca-dwr.photoshelter.com/galleries
 

Astonishing photo 97

Buffaloes’ Spa

Water buffaloes keeping cool in the river, Sri lanka

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/26957690194/ and other photos of water buffaloes

 AP97

Credit: François Molle/IRD


Astonishing photo 98

Chrisman Wind Gap & Grapevines, California, USA

The pumps in the distance are the Chrisman Wind Gap Pumps, which is the first major lift to get Central Valley’s water over the Tehachapis to Southern California (Los Angeles).

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/44730405774/
 
AP98 
Credit: Chris 'Maven' Austin; see Mavens Notebook (www.MavensNotebook.com) and www.flickr.com/photos/mavensnotebook/


Astonishing photo 99

Greenpeace Mexico campaign against water pollution, Jalisco, Mexico

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/48647360757/

AP99 
Credit: WATERLAT GOBACIT/Flickr www.flickr.com/photos/125391306@N03/with/48238418671/
Greenpeace Mexico campaign against water pollution, World Water Day March 2012, El Salto, Juanacatlán, Jalisco


Astonishing photo 100

Stepwell, Prakasam, Andhra Pradesh, India

To celebrate the 100th photo of our ‘Astonishing waters’, here is one of the most outstanding baoli (stepwells) of India

Also see “Victoria Lautman Explores India’s Vanishing Stepwells”: http://m.interiordesign.net/articles/13929-victoria-lautman-explores-india-s-vanishing-stepwells-in-new-book/articles/6807-robert-kleinschmidt/showrooms

AP100 
 
Astonishing photo 101

Children playing in a groundwater recharge shaft, despite the fence

Ulagapuram, India

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/45099893644/

AP101 
Credit: Audrey Richard

 
Astonishing photo 102

Hot springs and baths, Tolantongo, Mexico

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51484902450/

AP102 

 
Astonishing photo 103

Group of protesters sprayed by water cannons in Taipei, Taiwan, 2014

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50962494831/ 
 
AP103

Credit: Credit: By MrWiki321 - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=32438597


 
Astonishing photo 104

Access pit, underground galleries of Cantalloc (called puquios), near Nazca, Peru

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cantalloc_Aqueducts

These precolombian galleries, similar to qanats, drain groundwater to a desired location.

Access pits serve to access water or for maintenance

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50961816448/

And more photos of puquios

AP104 
Credit: Wikimedia, PsamatheM - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=92272206

 
Astonishing photo 105

Pump station with polluted water, Nile Delta, Egypt

The tail end of Meet Yazid canal, Kafr el Sheikh governorate, Nile Delta, is supplied with drainage water diverted from the nearby Nashart Drain.

This drain is higly polluted and foam is generated by the station pumping this water.

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/36863347490/

 AP105
 

Credit: François Molle/IRD

  
Astonishing photo 106


A dilapidated ship located at the northeast of Lake Urmia, Iran
Lake Urmia is expected to follow the fate of the Aral Sea

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51484904760/

AP106
Credit: By Solmaz Daryani - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=89905174 
 
 
Astonishing photo 107
 

Mussels farm, France

Shellfish farming in the Charente coastal area, France, is dependent on a level of salinity that results from the mixing of sea water (salinity 35 g/l) with fresh water from the rivers.

Not enough freshwater from rivers is detrimental to the growth of shellfish. Too much fresh water (sudden flows) reduces the salinity of the sea water and also impacts shellfish (mortality, loss of shellfish quality, health risks, etc). The quality of river water also matters.

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51243991947/
 
AP107
Credit: unplash/matt-seymour
 
 
Astonishing photo 108
 

Hyperintensive table grapes cultivation, Yecla, Segura Basin, Spain

Grapes is irrigated by drip with (overexploited) groundwater
See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51562060023/
 
AP108
Credit: Javier Rodriguez Ros
 
 
Astonishing photo 109
 

Timkat festival in Gondar, Ethiopia

Every year, during the Timkat festival in Gondar, Ethiopia, orthodox christians gather around this basin and pray during two days. After praying all night people jump into the basin. Water is a sacred element linked to Jesus' baptism.

Timkat (Ge'ez: ጥምቀት) is an Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and Eritrea Orthodox Tewahedo Church celebration of Epiphany. It is celebrated on January 19th (or 20th in a leap year), corresponding to the 11th day of Terr in the Ge'ez calendar.

Timkat celebrates the baptism of Jesus in the River Jordan. This festival is best known for its ritual reenactment of baptism (similar to such reenactments performed by numerous Christian the Holy Land when they visit the Jordan).

More at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timkat
See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51279275013/
 
AP109
Credit: https://lesvoixdunil.com Bastien Massa
 
 
Astonishing photo 110
 

Member of Hai Zira community irrigating using the traditional shadduf, Sudan

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51140912068/
 
AP110
Credit: FAO/Mattia Romano 
 
 
Astonishing photo 111
 

Makeshift water wheel in Tajikistan

A local farmer uses the steady stream of an irrigation canal to lift some water to his field

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/30352861587/
 
AP111
Credit: Romain Vidal
 
 
Astonishing photo 112
 

Liwa Oasis and the development of tourism, Emirate of Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates

Groundwater, used for irrigation and domestic uses, is overexploited in the Liwa oasis

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51268237933/
 
AP112
 
 
Astonishing photo 113
 

Saturnia thermal baths, Italy

See other photos of Saturnia baths https://www.flickr.com/search/?user_id=143925215%40N04&sort=date-taken-desc&text=saturnia&view_all=1

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51707959448/
 
AP113
Credit: Spencer Davis on Unsplash
 
 
Astonishing photo 114
 

Mud therapy in Lake Urmia, Iran

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51483977346/
 
AP114
Credit: Solmaz.Daryani
 
 
Astonishing photo 115
 

Ruins of Malpasset Barrage, France

In 1959 Malpasset dam broke and released 50 million cubic meters of water

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malpasset_Dam

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barrage_de_Malpasset

Fil archive https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PKi8ZnBILs4

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51706920557/
 
AP115
 
 
Astonishing photo 116
 

Jacob’s well, Texas

An extraordinary well-like perennial karstic spring in the Texas Hill Country that serves as a popular swimming pool

More details at

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob%27s_Well_(Texas)

Other photos here

AP116
 
 
Astonishing photo 117


Cormorant fisherman, Yangshuo, China

To control the birds, the fishermen tie a snare near the base of the bird's throat. This prevents the birds from swallowing larger fish, which are held in their throat, but the birds can swallow smaller fish. When a cormorant has caught a fish in its throat, the fisherman brings the bird back to the boat and has the bird spit the fish up. Though cormorant fishing once was a successful industry, its primary use today is to serve the tourism industry.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cormorant_fishing

Video : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ZSI3pKNpLo

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/45843866324/

AP117
Credit: Rod Waddington/Flickr 
 
Astonishing photo 118
 
 
AP118
Credit: Chris 'Maven' Austin; see Mavens Notebook (www.MavensNotebook.com) and www.flickr.com/photos/mavensnotebook/
 
 
Astonishing photo 119
 

Brick making, Madagascar

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50534227366/
 
AP119
Credit: Andrew Whiting 
 

Astonishing photo 120
 

Little girl feeding fish for Buddhist merit making, Bangkok

The huge number of fish swarming in front of the temple is visible; and so is the inflow of wastewater into the Chao Phraya River, 200 m upstream, that leaves a white trail of foam.

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/42557204811/
 
AP120
Credit: François Molle/IRD
 

Astonishing photo 121
 

Girl paddling and transporting lotus stems, Cambodia

Lotus stems are used in cooking

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51836449499/

AP121

Credit: Mario Keskinen, Alto University, Finland

 
Astonishing photo 122
 
Transforming a pick-up into a swimming pool, Djibouti
 
AP122

Credit: Idriss, Djibouti


Astonishing photo 123


Bamboo water-wheel, Ho-Chi-Minh City, Vietnam

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/46127140111/ 
 
AP123
Credit: Pixabay
 
Astonishing photo 124
 

Distribution of water to refugees by UNAMID in Sortoni, North Darfur

Tens of thousands of newly displaced persons fled their villages due to the ongoing clashes between the government of Sudan forces and armed movements which began in mid-January 2016 in the Jebel Marra area, North Darfur have sought refuge in a safe zone adjacent to UNAMIDصs team site in Sortoni.

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/46278545552/
 
AP124
Credit: Photos by Mohamad Almahady, UNAMID
 
Astonishing photo 125
 

Vav or Helical Step Well, Champaner, India

See the photo with original resolution   https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50961777918/
 
AP125
Credit: Nandicmb — CC BY-SA 4.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=62911000
 
 
Astonishing photo 126
 

'Running water' at home, India

Bamboo is frequently used as water pipes in rural areas

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51877609268/

AP126

Credit: India water Portal

 

Astonishing photo 127
 

Potholes/’marmites de géant’ in the Abime river, Jura, France

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pothole_(landform)

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51678577043/

AP127

Credit: François Molle/IRD

 

Astonishing photo 128
 

Building an underground dam, Chad

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50534225216/

AP128
Credit: Rémy Courcier/IRAM 
 
 
Astonishing photo 129
 

Commercial high tunnels in Santa Maria, CA, USA

High tunnels protect plants from severe weather and allow farmers to extend their growing seasons – growing earlier into the spring, later into the fall, and sometimes, year-round. And because high tunnels prevent direct rainfall from reaching plants, farmers can use precise tools like drip irrigation to efficiently deliver water and nutrients to plants. High tunnels also offer farmers a greater ability to control pests and can even protect plants from pollen and pesticide drift.

For more information about USDA and high tunnel systems, please see www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detailfull/national/programs/?cid=stelprdb1046250

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51835919614/
AP129
 
Credit: USDA Photo by Lance Cheung
 
Astonishing photo 130
 

Convergence point of three qanats (foggara), Algeria

Ouled said oasis, near Timimoun, Algeria. Three qanats with small flows converge here and their flows are divided by 'qasria' according to water rights. we can see that some right holders have rights in two or three of the qanats and recombine their shares in one outflow pipe.  The local name for qanat is 'foggara'.

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/26514430839/

AP130

Credit: Idda Salem
 
 
Astonishing photo 131
 

Bridge over Laguna Garzón, Uruguay

This is the first bridge designed by architect Rafel Viñoly, who was also designer of the Jazz Lincoln Center in New York and Princeton University Stadium amongst numerous projects. It is iconic, unique in its circular design and ecological in its attention to the aquatic environment above, around and beneath it. Speed limits keep noise and pollution to a minimum and its height allows the continued safe passage of fish and fishing boats.

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51877517351/ 
AP131
 
Credit: Jimmy Baikovicius from Montevideo, Uruguay — Bridge (Puente) Laguna Garzón | 151227-6817-jikatu, CC BY-SA 2.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45968936 
 
 
Astonishing photo 132
 

Drip-irrigated vine grafts, near Carpentras, France

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/33922121068/
 
AP132 
Credit: Martin Laurenceau 
 
 
Astonishing photo 133
 

Tubewell and 'sprit' image, Karnataka, India

Is the image expected to chase ‘evil spirits’, protect the well, or the crop?

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/45981787802/

AP133

Credit: Frédéric Landy

 
Astonishing photo 134
 

Tilapia breeding facility in Jitra, Malaysia

See also https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/42871418470/in/photostream/

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/42871412690/
 
AP134
Credit: Credit: WorldFish/Photo Jens Peter Tang Dalsgaard
 
 
Astonishing photo 135
 

Vespasianus Titus Water Tunnel, excavated in the rock, Turkey

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vespasianus_Titus_Tunnel;

whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/5903/

The Vespasianus Titus Tunnel is an ancient water tunnel built for the city of Seleucia Pieria, the port of Antioch (modern Antakya), in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD.[1]

It is located at the foot of the Nur Mountains, near the modern village of Çevlik, 7 km (4.3 mi) northwest of central Samandağ (the medieval port of Saint Symeon) and 35 km (22 mi) southwest of Antakya.

The tunnel is part of a water diversion system consisting of a dam, a short approach channel, the first tunnel section, a short intermediary channel, the second tunnel section and a long discharge channel.

The construction of the tunnel was ordered by the Roman emperor Vespasian (reigned 69–79 AD) to divert the floodwaters running down the mountain and threatening the harbor. It was built by digging the rocks using manpower only. The construction began under Vespasian and continued under his son Titus (r. 79–81 AD) and his successors. It was completed in the 2nd century under Antoninus Pius (r. 138–161). An inscription carved in rock at the entrance of the first tunnel section shows the names of Vespasianus and Titus, and another one at the discharge tunnel the name of Antoninus.

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51141356319/

AP135

Credit: Wikimedia

 
Astonishing photo 136
 

Old olive trees irrigated with circular dripper lines, Yecla, Segura Basin, Spain

Old olive trees have deep roots and need to be irrigated with higher flow; a line with several drippers is laid around the tree.

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51562405719/
 
AP136 
Credit: François Molle/IRD
 

Astonishing photo 137
 

Sulavesi coastal area, Indonesia

Paddy fields at the time of land preparation and after sowing.

High daily rainfall keeps fresh water supply in paddies and the outflow from the river channels mostly controls salinity.

Freshwater is allowed into the plot at high tide and can be drained at low tide.

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/27317661269/
 
AP137
Credit: Olivier Gilard
 
 
Astonishing photo 138
 

Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh

Bamboo production being floated down the river

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/52054955340/
 
AP137
 

Astonishing photo 139
 

Pilgrims offerings and garbage in Ganges River, India

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/46957826565/
 
AP139
Credit: Flickr/massimiliano sticca
 
 
Astonishing photo 140
 

Three generations of lifting devices in the Nile Delta, Egypt

This site was initially a saquia ring (iron water-wheel, right), later replaced by individual pumps (center), and recently equipped with a collective pump by the IIIMP project (with its trashrack and inlet).

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/36863368340
 
AP140
Credit: François Molle/IRD
 
 
Astonishing photo 141
 

Historical flooding north of Bangkok, Thailand

October 2011

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/45824817311/
 
AP141
Credit: Cpl. Robert J. Maurer
 
 
Astonishing photo 142
 

Coconut husks being soaked with water for rope making in Thuruttu island, Varkala, Kerala, India

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51877559861/
 
AP142
Credit: Flickr@India water Portal
 
 
Astonishing photo 143
 

Cow drowned in an irrigation canal, Nile Delta, Egypt

Canals with steep slopes may prove to be fatal to animals

See another example in Canal de Gignac, near Montpellier https://www.apavh.com/canal-de-gignac-un-pi%C3%A8ge

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51213191958/
 
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Credit: François Molle/IRD      
 
 
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Dumping sewage water from septic tanks, India

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/51877612103/

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Credit: Flickr@India water Portal

 

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School children transportation on the Maroni, Apagui, Grandsanti, French Guyana

In some regions of the world like the Amazon basin, rivers serve as roads

Here in French Guyana, school children are taken by boat daily to their school

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/50740329773

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Credit: Sophie Gonzales@IRD>

Astonishing photo 146
 

Hunger stone

A hunger stone (German: Hungerstein) is a type of hydrological landmark common in Central Europe. Hunger stones serve as famine memorials and warnings and were erected in Germany and in ethnic German settlements throughout Europe in the 15th through 19th centuries. These stones were embedded into a river during droughts to mark the water level as a warning to future generations that they will have to endure famine-related hardships if the water sinks to this level again. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hunger_stone

See some other hunger stones: https://www.flickr.com/search/?user_id=143925215%40N04&view_all=1&text=hunger%20stone

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/52303183303/

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Credit: Public Domain, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8106891

 

Astonishing photo 147

'El Ojo' lake, Argentina

On the outskirts of Buenos Aires in Argentina, there is a mysterious circular island located in the Parana Delta which rotates on its own axis like a distant planet. Scientists believe that the unusual island—known in Argentina as “El Ojo” or “The Eye”—formed in 2003. There is not yet a scientific consensus about how the circular island formed, but there are countless wild theories which involve extraterrestrial life…

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/52220712480/

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Credit:  unusualplaces.org/the-eye-argentina/

 
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Abandoned water park, Hue, Vietnam
See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/52220712325/
 
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Credit: www.atlasobscura.com/places/ho-thuy-tien


 

Astonishing photo 149
 

Spiral jetty, Great Salt Lake, USA

Spiral Jetty is an earthwork sculpture constructed in April 1970 that is considered to be the most important work of American sculptor Robert Smithson. Smithson documented the construction of the sculpture in a 32-minute color film also titled Spiral Jetty. It is built on the northeastern shore of the Great Salt Lake near Rozel Point in Utah entirely of mud, salt crystals, and basalt rocks.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spiral_Jetty

See more photos of Spiral Jetty

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/52220221271/

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Source: twitter.com/Mariano_FdB/status/1317006388460126208/photo/1

 

Astonishing photo 150
 

Terraced paddy fields, Sapa, Vietnam

Our 150th ‘Amazing waters’ photo shows a well-known spot with terraced paddy fields in Vietnam.

The question is: how can the plot on top of the mount be irrigated? The answer is provided by the small bamboo aqueduct that takes water to it …

See the photo with original resolution  https://www.flickr.com/photos/water_alternatives/49583183807/

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 Credit: Thanhhoa Tran at Pexels.com